Belize is a small nation on the eastern coast of Central America on the Caribbean Sea. It is bordered by Mexico to the northwest and Guatemala to the west and south. The country is a parliamentary democracay and constitutional monarchy which recognizes Queen Elizabeth II as Sovereign. The nation of Honduras lies 75 km (47 miles) across the Gulf of Honduras to the east. The name is derived from the Belize River, after which Belize City, the former capitol and larger city, is also named.
Belize Map Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries
The University of Texas at Austin.
The only English speaking country in Central America, Belize was a British colony for more than a century and was known as British Honduras until 1973. It became an independent nation in 1981. Belize is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Sistema de Integración Centro Americana (SICA) and considers itself to be culturally both Caribbean and Central American.